During time pass new diseases are discovered. At the same time the researches and scientific community are looking forward for innovates treatments, medicine and solutions. The nanotechnology field has been increasing fast to collaborate significantly in medicine. What is nanotechnology? And how can collaborate with medicine? According to National Nanotechnology Initiative, nanotechnology is the engineering and manufacturing of materials at the atomic and molecular scale. A medical application of nanotechnology is the nanomedicine. The Nanomedicine seeks a new medicine to impact directly the pharmaceutical industry and at the same time the people will be help and benefit. The main goal of nanomedicine is decrease toxicity, be safe for the environmental and it’s expected to have an important impact to the economy.
What if cancer patient can receive a treatment without surgery or chemotherapy? The nanomedicine approaches advanced technology such as drug delivery, imaging and nanorobots. To reach therapeutic effects, the drug delivery is employed. The drug delivery is an innovated nanoparticles system that it may be able to be transported thorough inside the body. Nanotechnology therapeutic products are already approved for clinical use. Using drug delivery, it may be possible to transport poorly soluble drugs, drugs in a shell, two or more drugs for the combination of treatments for different purposes, and at the same time observe the image of the drug deliver in vivo. The bioavailability of the drug delivery is very important to accomplish with the purpose of the treatment, it refers to the ability of the drug nanoparticle to find the exact place it’s destined to be.
A futuristic nanomedicine vision is open to the possibility of introduce nanorobots in human body, with the purpose of a complete revolution and evolution of what is medicine to date. The nanorobots are also a innovate idea to pass over any biologic barrier inside the body and impact the clinical treatments. The nanomedicine may use nanorobots as tools to detect infections or disease and repair it. It will be easier to obtain images directly from the disease, cancer cells, infections, and supervise the performed of the treatment.
The safety of the patient must be the main goal of the nanomedicine. Each new technique will need years of research and testing to ensure it safety and effectiveness. The results may be revolutionary for the current medicine and break up the barrier of what it cannot be treated or cured right now.
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Nilka M. Rodríguez Fuentes